Physicians Together with Vulnerable Canadians

Médecins, ensemble avec les Canadiens vulnérables

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749 SIGNATURES

Bill C-7, From MAiD to MAD: Medical Assistance in Dying becomes Medically Administered Death

You no longer need to be dying for your physician to end your life

As Canada and the world live in fear of death from the COVID-19 pandemic, we are reminded of the lengths to which public authorities can and should go to prevent death and to protect the common good. We consider as normal and necessary the curtailment of certain individual liberties in the interest of protecting citizens from the spread of disease. We are thus reminded that the exercise of personal autonomy, far from being the supreme value in society, must be limited when it can lead to harm to others.

These observations are eminently pertinent to another great societal debate, as a further threat to the lives of sick, disabled and older Canadians proceeds almost unnoticed. Many Canadians are not even aware of Bill C-7, which was re-tabled on October 5, 2020 in the federal Parliament. This bill, expanding “medical assistance in dying” (MAiD) to virtually everyone who is sick and suffering in Canada, will, if passed in its current form, make our country the world leader in administering death.

As medical doctors, we feel compelled to voice our dismay at how individuals who have little lived experience of the realities involved in the everyday practice of medicine suddenly and fundamentally changed the nature of medicine by decriminalizing euthanasia and assisted suicide.

Medicine, understood over the centuries as a profession that never intentionally harmed, but rather healed, comforted, and advocated for the lives of those who are sick and vulnerable, has been transformed into a technical occupation that allows physicians to deliberately end the lives of their suffering patients. Forced participation in arranging and facilitating euthanasia and assisted suicide is now required by certain regulatory colleges.

Unfortunately, our patients are the ones who suffer the most from the consequences of this ill-devised scheme. The shock of a sudden illness, or an accident resulting in disability, can lead patients into feelings of anger, depression, and guilt for requiring care – emotions that, with proper support and attention, can resolve over time.  The care and encouragement shown by physicians may be the most powerful force in overcoming despair and providing hope.  Unfortunately, patients can no longer unconditionally trust their medical professional to advocate for their life when they are at their weakest and most vulnerable.  Suddenly, a lethal injection becomes part of a repertoire of interventions offered to end their pain and suffering.

Bill C-7 would allow those who are not dying to end their lives by a lethal injection at the hands of a doctor or nurse practitioner.  Shockingly, most of the safeguards that Parliament deemed necessary in 2016 to protect the lives of vulnerable individuals from a wrongful death are being removed. Under the new bill, an individual whose natural death is considered to be “reasonably foreseeable” could be diagnosed, assessed and euthanized all in one day.  We are very concerned that removing the 10-day reflection period and other safeguards will lead to an increase in coerced or tragically unconsidered deaths.

The reckless removal of safeguards previously deemed essential will place desperately vulnerable patients directly in harm’s way and may cost them their very lives.

While the authors of Bill C-7 consider it sufficient to offer patients information about other possible means to alleviate their suffering, there is no requirement that the service be available to the patient. We live in a country where the wait time to see a psychiatrist in certain areas is 4-8 times longer than the 90-day waiting period proposed in the bill for those whose natural death is not considered “reasonably foreseeable”, and where 70% of citizens nearing the end of life still have no access to basic palliative care services.  Yet MAiD has been deemed an essential service under the Canada Health Act and palliative care has not.  This bill creates the conditions for cheap and easy death through euthanasia or assisted suicide.

This is not the medicine that we have devoted our lives to practicing.  Our intent is to heal and to alleviate suffering, not to deliberately end life.  We advocate for the lives of our patients, not their deaths.  We believe in garnering adequate supports for all our patients so that they have the basic requirements needed to live; we do not sanction and facilitate their death as a response to their suffering.

Our profession has been coerced into facilitating suicide rather than preventing it, for ever-increasing numbers of citizens.  We watch in utter dismay and horror at how the nature of our medical profession has been so quickly destroyed by the creation of misguided laws. We, the undersigned, declare that the passage of Bill C-7, if left unchecked, will contribute to the destruction of much more than our medical profession, but fundamentally, of a Canadian society that genuinely values and cares for its most vulnerable members.  Canadians deserve better.

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Le projet de loi C‑7, de l’AMM à la MAM : l’aide médicale à mourir devient la mort administrée par un médecin

Plus besoin d’être mourant pour que votre médecin mette fin à votre vie

Alors que le Canada et le monde ont peur de mourir de la pandémie de la COVID-19, nous voyons jusqu’où les autorités peuvent, et doivent, aller pour prévenir la mort et protéger le bien commun. Nous considérons comme normale et nécessaire la restriction de certaines libertés individuelles dans le but de protéger les citoyens et citoyennes contre la propagation de la maladie. Ainsi, il nous est rappelé que l’exercice de l’autonomie personnelle, loin d’être la valeur suprême dans la société, doit être limité quand il peut causer du tort aux autres.

Ces observations sont parfaitement pertinentes au sujet d’un autre grand débat social, alors qu’une nouvelle menace à la vie des malades, des personnes handicapées et des Canadiennes et Canadiens âgés passe presque inaperçue. Plusieurs Canadiens et Canadiennes ne sont même pas au courant du projet de loi C-7, qui a été redéposé le 5 octobre au Parlement fédéral. Ce projet de loi, qui élargit l’« aide médicale à mourir » (AMM) pour inclure pratiquement tous ceux et celles qui sont malades et qui souffrent au Canada, s’il est adopté dans sa forme actuelle, fera de notre pays le leader du monde dans l’administration de la mort.

En tant que médecins, nous sommes obligés d’exprimer notre stupéfaction en voyant comment des personnes, qui ont peu d’expérience vécue des réalités en jeu dans la pratique quotidienne de la médecine, ont subitement et fondamentalement changé la nature de la médecine en décriminalisant l’euthanasie et le suicide assisté.

La médecine, considérée à travers les siècles comme une profession qui ne cause jamais de tort intentionnel, mais plutôt guérit, réconforte et défend la vie de ceux et celles qui sont malades et vulnérables, serait transformée en une entreprise technocratique qui permettrait aux médecins de mettre fin délibérément à la vie de leurs patients et patientes qui souffrent. La participation forcée pour arranger et faciliter l’administration de l’euthanasie et du suicide assisté est maintenant exigée par certains organismes de réglementation.

Malheureusement, nos patientes et patients sont ceux qui souffrent le plus des conséquences de ce plan malavisé. Le choc d’une maladie soudaine, ou d’un accident entraînant une invalidité, peut inspirer aux patients et patientes des sentiments de colère et de dépression, et ils peuvent se sentir coupables d’avoir besoin de soins; mais ces émotions, avec le soutien et l’attention nécessaires, peuvent se dissiper avec le temps. Le soin et l’encouragement offerts par les médecins peuvent être le facteur le plus puissant pour surmonter le désespoir et ranimer l’espérance. Malheureusement, les patients et patientes ne peuvent plus avoir une confiance inconditionnelle en leur professionnel de la médecine pour défendre leur vie quand ils sont à leur état le plus faible et le plus vulnérable. Subitement, une injection mortelle fait partie du répertoire des interventions offertes pour mettre fin à leurs douleurs et à leurs souffrances.

Le projet de loi C‑7 permettrait à ceux et celles qui ne sont pas mourants de mettre fin à leur vie par injection mortelle administrée par un médecin ou une infirmière praticienne. Il est scandaleux que la plupart des protections que le Parlement avait estimées nécessaires en 2016 pour protéger les personnes vulnérables contre une mort injustifiée soient en voie d’être supprimées. En vertu du nouveau projet de loi, une personne dont la mort naturelle est considérée comme « raisonnablement prévisible » pourrait être diagnostiquée, évaluée et euthanasiée en une seule journée. Nous sommes très inquiets que la suppression de la période de réflexion de 10 jours et d’autres mesures de protection ne fassent qu’augmenter le nombre de morts par contrainte ou par manque de réflexion adéquate.

La suppression imprudente des mesures de protection précédemment jugées essentielles mettra les patients et patientes vulnérables directement en danger, et pourrait même leur coûter la vie.

Bien que les auteurs du projet de loi C‑7 estiment suffisant d’offrir aux patients et patientes de l’information sur les autres moyens possibles d’atténuer leurs souffrances, il n’est pas obligatoire que le service leur soit accessible. Nous vivons dans un pays où le délai d’attente dans certaines régions pour voir un psychiatre est de 4 à 8 fois plus long que la période de réflexion de 90 jours proposée dans le projet de loi pour les personnes dont la mort naturelle n’est pas considérée comme « raisonnablement prévisible », et où 70 % des citoyens et citoyennes dont la vie tire à sa fin n’ont toujours pas accès à des services de base en soins palliatifs. Pourtant, l’AMM est considérée comme un service essentiel aux termes de la Loi canadienne de la santé, alors que les soins palliatifs ne le sont pas. Ce projet de loi crée les conditions requises pour une mort facile et à bon marché par euthanasie ou suicide assisté.

Ce n’est pas le genre de médecine que nous avons consacré notre vie à pratiquer. Notre intention est de guérir et de diminuer les souffrances, pas de mettre fin délibérément à la vie. Nous luttons pour la vie de nos patients et patientes, pas pour leur mort. Nous croyons à l’obtention de soutiens adéquats pour tous nos patients et patientes, afin qu’ils aient les services de base nécessaires pour vivre; nous ne sanctionnons pas et ne facilitons pas leur mort comme solution de leurs souffrances.

Notre profession a été forcée de faciliter le suicide au lieu de le prévenir, et ce, pour un nombre toujours croissant de personnes. Nous observons avec consternation et horreur la façon dont la nature de notre profession médicale a été si rapidement détruite par la création de lois malavisées. Nous, soussignés, déclarons que l’adoption du projet de loi C‑7, si rien n’est fait, contribuera à la destruction de bien plus que notre profession médicale, mais fondamentalement, d’une société canadienne qui apprécie véritablement et qui prend soin de ses membres les plus vulnérables.  Les Canadiens et Canadiennes méritent mieux.

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Authors & Supporting Signatories

Authors

Ramona Coelho, MDCM, CCFP
Family Physician
London, Ontario

Catherine Ferrier, MD, CCFP (COE), FCFP
Family physician
Division of Geriatric Medicine, McGill University Health Centre
Assistant Professor of Family Medicine, McGill University
Montreal, Quebec

Sheila Rutledge Harding, MD, MA, FRCPC
Hematologist, Saskatchewan Health Authority
Professor, College of Medicine,
University of Saskatchewan
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan

Leonie Herx MD PhD CCFP (PC) FCFP
Associate Professor & Chair, Division of Palliative Medicine
Department of Medicine, Queen’s University
Kingston, Ontario

Timothy Lau MD MSc FRCPC
Associate Professor, Division of Geriatric Psychiatry,
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario

Sephora Tang, MD FRCPC
Staff Psychiatrist, Clinical Lecturer
Department of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa
Ottawa, Ontario

Lucas Vivas, MD MHSc FRCPC
General Internal Medicine
Brampton, Ontario

Supporting Signatories

  1. Sohail Gandhi, MD CCFP
    Family Medicine
    Ontario
  2. Terry Aitken, MD
    Retired Adjunct Professor, Western University
    Stratford, ON
  3. Yoan Alder-St-Germain, MD
    Family Medicine
    Québec
  4. Lubomir Alexov, MD
    Associate Professor University of Toronto,
    Chairman East GTAFHT.
  5. Joseph Askin W., MD
    Somnologist
    Calgary, AB
  6. Anita Au, MD
    Specialist in General Internal Medicine
    Associate Clinical Professor, University of Alberta
    Wetaskiwin, AB
  7. Raouf Ayas, MD
    Cardiologist
    Montreal, QC
  8. Mario Douyon de Azevedo, MD
    Ottawa, ON
  9. Jason Bailey, MD
    Family Physician and hospitalist
  10. Belinda Barnes, MD
  11. Chantal Barry, MD
    Calgary, AB
  12. Doris Barwich, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor, Division of Palliative Care
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia
  13. Mark Basik, MD
    Herbert Black Professor of Surgical Oncology
    McGill University
    Surgical Oncologist, Jewish General Hospital
    Montreal, QC
  14. Tracy Bausmer, MD
    Family Physician
    Kitchener, ON
  15. Michael Bayer, MD
    Cobourg, ON
  16. Regina Becker, MD
    Emergency, family medicine, long term care
    Carbonear, NL
  17. Judy Bentz, MD
  18. Harry Bergen, MD
    General Surgeon/Surgical Assistant
  19. Sasha Bernatsky, MD
  20. Eileen Biggs, MD
    Family Physician
    Ottawa, ON
  21. Robert Matthew Billinghurst, MD
    Clinical Instructor, Department of Family Medicine
    University of British Columbia
  22. Philip Bock, MD
  23. Alicia Bong, MD
    Vancouver, BC
  24. Guy Bouchard, MD
    QC
  25. Thomas Bouchard, MD
    Family Medicine Physician
    Calgary, AB
  26. James Boudreau, MD
    Internal Medicine Resident
    Dalhousie University
  27. Daniel Boulet, MD
    Professeur titulaire de clinique, Département de médecine
    Université Laval
    QC
  28. David Bowler, MD
    Pain Management Physician
    BC
  29. Jannice Bowler, MD
    Pain management physician
    BC
  30. Julia Bright, MD
    Family Physician
    Chilliwack, BC
  31. Francois Brissette, MD
    Neurology
    QC
  32. Michel Brouillard, MD
    Médecin généraliste
    Rouyn-Noranda, QC
  33. Brad Burke, MD
    Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    Windsor, ON
  34. Shauna Burkholder, MD
    Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, Alberta Children’s Hospital
    Assistant Clinical Professor, University of Calgary
  35. Corey Burton, MD
  36. Lindy Buzikievich, MD
    Muskoka Algonquin Healthcare
    Assistant Professor, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  37. Miles Byworth, MD
    Resident at McMaster University
  38. Sonia Calouche, MD
    Psychiatre.
    CISSS des Laurentides
  39. Daniel Cekan, MD
    Cambridge, ON
  40. David H. C. Chan, MD
    Professor Emeritus of Family Medicine, McMaster University
  41. Sherry Chan, MD
    General Practitioner in Oncology, BC Cancer Vancouver Centre
    Clinical Instructor, Department of Family Practice, University of British Columbia
  42. Luke Chen, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor, University of British Columbia
    Vancouver, BC
  43. Riley Chen-Mack, MD
    PGY1, Pediatrics
    BC Children’s Hospital
  44. Vitaliy Chernenko, MD
    Family Medicine Resident, University of Calgary
    Calgary, AB
  45. Gilles Chiniara, MD
    Université Laval
    Québec QC
  46. Lawrence J. Clein, MD
    Professor, Family Medicine (Palliative Care)
  47. Eileen Cochien, MD
  48. Margaret Cottle, MD
    Palliative Care, University of British Columbia
    Vancouver, BC
  49. Heather Craig, MD
    University of Calgary
    Calgary, AB
  50. Nancy Craig, MD
    Hope Medical Clinic
    Edmonton, AB
  51. Tim Cuddy, MD
    Family Physician – Long Term Care Physician
    Burlington, ON
  52. Edward H. Curran, MD
    Vancouver, BC
  53. David D’Souza, MD
    Oncology, LHSC
    London, ON
  54. Peter Daley, MD
    Memorial University
    St. John’s NL
  55. Dion Davidson, MD
    Vascular Surgery and Critical Care, Valley Regional Hospital
    Assistant Professor, Dalhousie University Department of Surgery
    Kentville, NS
  56. David Dawson, MD
    Associate Professor of Medicine, McGill University
    General Internist, McGill University Health Centre
    Montreal QC
  57. Michel De Maupeou, MD
    Retired family physician
    QC
  58. Chantale Demers, MD
    WRHA Palliative Medicine Consultant
  59. Raymond Deobald, MD
    General Surgery and General Surgical Oncology
    Assistant Professor, University of Saskatchewan
  60. Paola Diadori, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor
    University of Montreal
  61. Bryan Dias, MD
    Associate Professor of Medicine, Western University
    London, ON
  62. Jane B. Dobson, MD
    CCFP FCFP
  63. Ugo Dodd, MD
    Ophthalmologist
    University of Calgary
  64. Timothy Dowdell, MD
    Associate Professor, University of Toronto
    Radiologist-in-Chief
    St. Michael’s Hospital
    Toronto, ON
  65. Pierre Duclos, MD
    Internal Medicine specialist
    Québec
  66. Gordan A. Duke, MD
    Victoria, BC
  67. Ross Dunbar, MD
  68. Alexander S Easton, MD
    Associate Professor, Staff Neuropathologist
    Dalhousie University and Nova Scotia Health Authority,
    Halifax, NS
  69. Juliette Eberhard, MD
    Duncan, BC
  70. Genevieve Eder, MD
    Calgary, AB
  71. Tim Ehmann, MD
    Consultant Psychiatrist
    Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
    University of Saskatchewan
    Saskatoon, SK
  72. Joel Emery, MD
  73. Scott Ernst, MD
  74. Carlos Alfonso Fajardo, MD
    Physician
    Calgary, AB
  75. Geneviève Falardeau, MD
    Family Physician
    Québec, QC
  76. Ted Fenske, MD
    Cardiologist, Royal Alexandria Hospital
    Alberta
  77. Cristiano Ferrario, MD
    Medical Oncologist
    Jewish General Hospital
  78. Michael Fielden, MD
    Associate Clinical Professor
    University of Calgary
  79. William J Foster, MD
    Ophthalmologist
  80. Gilbert François, MD
    Clinical endocrinologist
    Kirkland, QC
  81. Robert Frazer, MD
    Family physician: emergency, geriatrics and palliative care
    Centre hospitalier universitaire de Sherbrooke
    Sherbrooke QC
  82. Paul Fredette. MD
  83. Geoffrey Friderichs, MD
    Duncan, BC
  84. Abraham Fuks, MD
    McGill University
    Montreal, QC
  85. Thomas Fung, MD
    Physician Lead, Siksika Health Services
    Family Physician, Southwood Care Centre & Providence Care Centre
    Calgary, AB
  86. Jeannette Furtak, MD
  87. Paul Galassiere, MD
    Medical director of the surgical program, Bethesda Hospital
    Steinbach, MB
  88. Maryam Garabedian, MD
    Family Medicine Resident, University of British Columbia
  89. James J. Gilbert, MD
    Retired General Surgeon
  90. Jean-Bernard Girodias, MD
    Pédiatre, CHU Sainte-Justine
    Département de pédiatrie, Université de Montréal
  91. Caroline Girouard, MD
    Hémato-oncologue
    Hôpital du Sacré-Coeur de Montréal
    Professeur-adjoint de clinique
    Université de Montréal
  92. Ewan C. Goligher, MD
    Assistant Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto
  93. Emily C. Goudie, MD
    PGY-1 Internal Medicine
    University of Calgary
    Calgary, AB
  94. Keith Gregoire, MD
  95. Erin Gregory, MD
    Comox Valley Hospital
    BC
  96. Aaron Gross, MD
    Emergency Physician
  97. Donato Gugliotta, MD
    GP practicing Anesthesia
    Trenton, ON
  98. Roman Gusztak, MD
    Pediatric Anesthesia
    Saskatoon, SK
  99. Cynthia Haig, MD
    Family Physician
    Ontario
  100. Victoria Haines, MD
    Rural family physician
    Clinical preceptor, University of British Columbia
  1. Michael Hamilton, MD
  2. Darrell Hamm, MD
    Kelowna, BC
  3. Sherif Hanna, MD
    General Surgery, Gastro-Intestinal and Hepatic-Pancreatic-Biliary Surgical Oncology
    Adjunct Associate Professor, Department of Surgery, University of Toronto
  4. Robert Hauptman, MD
    Assistant Clinical Professor, University of Alberta
    St. Albert, AB
  5. Kevin Hay, MD
  6. Timothy Heerema, MD
    Family Physician
    Hanover, ON
  7. Grant Ho, MD
  8. Tina Hoang, MD
  9. James A. Holmlund, MD
    Consulting Psychiatrist
  10. David Hook, MD
    Assistant Professor
    Northern Ontario School of Medicine
  11. Nicola J. Horwood, MD
    Medical Student
    University of British Columbia
  12. Ann Hoskins Mott, MD
    Ophthalmologist (retired)
    Halifax, NS
  13. Stuart Houston, MD
    Saskatoon, SK
  14. Ling Huang, MD
    Family Physician
    Mississauga, ON
  15. Hildegard Huff, MD
    Palliative physician, retired
  16. Stephen Hwang, MD
    Department of Medicine, University of Toronto
  17. Kimon Issigonis, MD
    Internal Medicine, McGill University
    Montreal QC
  18. Lauren Jackson, MD
    Duncan, BC
  19. Lawrence Jardine, MD
    Associate Professor
    Division of Pediatric Hematology Oncology,
    Department of Pediatrics.
    Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry,
    University of Western Ontario
    London, ON
  20. Shelby Jenkins, MD
  21. Andrew S. Johnson, MD
    Adult Infectious Diseases, Foothills Medical Centre
    Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Calgary
  22. Will Johnston, MD
    Clinical assistant professor
    Department of family practice
    University of British Columbia
  23. Niall H. Jones, MD
    Associate Clinical Professor, Division of Rheumatology, University of Alberta
  24. Jeff Jonusaitis, MD
  25. Stephanie Kafie, MD
    Care of the Elderly Family Physician
    Assistant Clinical Professor (Adjunct), McMaster University
    Niagara Falls, ON
  26. Jyoti Katakkar, MD
    Hospitalist, Ross Memorial Hospital
    Lindsay, ON
  27. Lynn Kealey, MD
    Retired psychiatrist
  28. Timothy J. Kelton, MD
    Active Staff, Department of emergency Medicine
    University of Toronto
  29. Saideh Khadir, MD
  30. Marilyn Y. Kish, MD
    Retired Family Physician
  31. Tiffaney Kittmer, MD
    General Surgeon,
    Goderich, ON
  32. Ken Kliewer, MD
    Altona, MB
  33. Kevin Kobes, MD
  34. Ken Kontio, MD
    Chief of Orthopaedics, Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario
    Ottawa, ON
  35. Jeff Kornelsen, MD
    Family Physician
    Mission & Abbotsford, BC
  36. Michelle L. Korvemaker, MD
    Co-Chief of the Woodstock Hospital Emergency Department
    Woodstock, ON
    Palliative Care Call group in Oxford County, ON
  37. Jaro Kotalik, MD
    Professor, Northern Ontario School of Medicine
    Lakehead University
    Thunder Bay, ON
  38. John Kraulis MD
  39. Mark Kristjanson, MD
    Medical Lead, Primary Care, Community Oncology Program, Cancer Care Manitoba
    Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine, University of Manitoba
  40. Judith Kwok, MD
    Family Physician
  41. Edmond Kyrillos, MD
    Lecturer, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa
  42. Mike Lane, MD
    Diagnostic Imaging Co-Lead SW Alberta
    Lethbridge
  43. Natalie Leahy, MD
  44. Rene Leiva, MD
    Palliative Care and Care of the Elderly
    Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine
    University of Ottawa
  45. Mason Leschyna, MD
  46. Ryan Lett, MD
    Anesthesiology
    Regina, SK
  47. Constant H. Leung, MD
  48. John Li, MD
    Family Physician
    Moncton, NB
  49. Edmond Li, MD
    Anesthesiology, Child Health
    BC Hospital
  50. Hao Li, MD
    Resident, Anatomical Pathology, Western University
    London, ON
  51. Iris Liu, MD
    Family Physician
    Vancouver, BC
  52. Andrea H. Loewen, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor, University of Calgary
    Calgary, AB
    David Loewen, MD
    Calgary, AB
  53. Benjamin Love, MD
  54. LeeAnne Luft, MD
    Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia
    Kelowna, BC
  55. Joyce Lui, MD
  56. Karen MacDonald, MD
  57. Patrick MacGillivray, MD
    Ottawa, ON
  58. James MacMillan, MD
    Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine
    University of Saskatchewan
  59. Gisela Macphail, MD
    Specialist, Infectious Diseases
    University of Calgary
  60. Will A. Marcoux, MD
  61. Victoria Marianchuk, MD
    Family Physician
  62. Valerie Marion, MD
    Locum Family Physician
  63. Paul A. D. Marrocco MD,
    Northumberland Hills Hospital,
    Cobourg ON
  64. Bonnie Marshall, MD
  65. Karen E. Mason, MD
    Retired family physician
    Private practice included palliative care, Langley Memorial Hospital, BC
    Bracebridge, ON
  66. Paul McArthur, MD
    Adjunct professor of Family Medicine, University of Western Ontario
  67. Matthew McCabe, MD
  68. Catherine McCallum, MD
    Attending Physician, George Derby Care Society
    Burnaby, BC
  69. Douglas Maskall, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor,
    Department of Psychiatry
    University of British Columbia
  70. Jacqueline McClaran, MD
    Associate Professor
    Faculty of Medicine
    McGill University
  71. Brandon Mcllmoyle, MD
    Resident, Queens University
    Kingston, ON
  72. Sheryl McLaren, MD
    Obstetrics and Gynecology
  73. Matthew McQueen, MD
    Professor emeritus, McMaster University
    Hamilton, ON
  74. Amy Megyesi, MD
    Full-service family medicine
    Salmon Arm, BC
  75. Andrea Milne-Epp, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor of Family Medicine, University of Alberta
  76. Kelley Minish, MD
    Community Family Physician and Educator
    Victoria, BC
  77. Christo Minnaar, MD
    Chief of Staff
    Bethesda Regional Health Centre
  78. Adrianus Mol, MD
    Athabasca, AB
  79. José A. Morais, MD
    Director, Division of Geriatric Medicine, McGill University
    McGill University Health Centre
    Montreal, QC
  80. Christopher More, MD
  81. Louis Morissette, MD
    Forensic Psychiatry
    Montreal, QC
  82. Harry Mueller, MD
    Wild Rose Medical Clinic, High River AB
    Clinical Lecturer, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Calgary, AB
  83. Mark Nelham, MD
  84. Christopher Newcombe, MD
    Emergency Medicine
    Nanaimo, BC
  85. Nicholas Newman, MD
    Professeur agrégé de clinique, Université de Montréal
    Montreal, QC
  86. Kaspar Ng, MD
    Calgary, Alberta
  87. Natalia Novosedlik, MD
  88. Robert Nugent, MD
    Head of Anaesthesia, La Verendrye General Hospital
    Assistant Professor, North Ontario Medical School
  89. Nadine Nyhus, MD
    Psychiatrist
    ON
  90. Mary O’Connor, MD
    GP (partly retired)
    Solo practice, with focus on mental health issues.
    Ottawa, ON
  91. Caleb Oppel, MD
    Victoria, BC
  92. David Opper, MD
    Brantford, ON
  93. Allan F. Oryschak, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor of Pathology
    Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary
    Calgary, AB
  94. Martin Owen, MD
    Family Physician
  95. Rein Paasuke, MD
    Retired clinical anaesthetist
    Retired assistant professor of Anaesthesia, University of Calgary
    Spruce Grove, AB
  96. Grant Pagdin, MD
    Clinical Instructor, University of British Columbia
    Kelowna, BC
  97. Aleksandra Paliga, MD
    Anatomic Pathologist and Hematopathologist
    Ottawa, ON
  98. Edward W. Papp, MD
    Specialist in Family Medicine
    Associate Clinical professor, University of Alberta
  99. Mikulas Pavlovsky, MD
  100. Justin Perrier, MD
    Family Medicine Resident, Dalhousie University
    Charlottetown, PEI
  1. Donald J. Peters, MD
    Retired Anesthesiologist
    Winnipeg, MB
  2. Cameron W. Pierce, MD
    Internal Medicine, Respirology
    Vancouver Coastal Health
    Vancouver, BC
  3. Garvin W. Pierce, MD
  4. Liette Pilon, MD
    General Practice (retired)
    Brossard, QC
  5. Dan Poenaru, MD
    Pediatric Surgeon
    McGill University Health Centre
    Montreal, QC
  6. Jonathan Ponesse MD
    Developmental Pediatric Neurologist
    Ottawa, ON
  7. Robert Porter, MD
    Pediatrician, Memorial University
    St. John’s, NL
  8. Katelyn Postnikoff, MD
  9. John D. Potts, MD
    Ladysmith, BC
  10. Barbara Powell, MD
    Ontario
  11. Leslie Preston, MD
  12. Geoff Protheroe, MD
    Family Physician
    Calgary, AB
  13. John Geoffrey Purdell-Lewis, MD
    Dundas, ON
  14. Paul Ranalli, MD
    Neurologist, Humber River Hospital
    Toronto, ON
  15. Gregory S. Raymond, MD
    St. Albert, AB
  16. Mark Reardon, MD
    Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Ottawa
    Ottawa, ON
  17. Anna Redekop, MD
    Family Medicine Resident
    Prince Albert, SK
  18. Martin Reedyk, MD
    Three Hills, AB
  19. John N. Reesor, MD
    Cardiologist
    Peterborough, ON
  20. Dan Reilley, MD
    Obstetrics and Gynecology
    Fergus, ON
  21. Harwood Reimer, MD
    Sports Medicine
  22. Alphonse Rheault, MD
    Endocrinologist
    QC
  23. Larry Rinholm, MD
  24. Roger Roberge, MD
    Geriatrician
    Montreal, QC
  25. John Gordon Murray Robertson, MD
  26. Ted Robinson, MD
    Family Physician, Mount Sinai Hospital
    Toronto, Ontario
  27. Beverly Rutherford, MD
    Community Medicine
  28. Melanie Ryper, MD
    Emergency Physician, Royal Columbian/Eagle Ridge Hospitals
    Clinical Assistant Professor, University of British Columbia
  29. Edward Rzadki, MD
    Psychiatrist
    Etobicoke, ON
  30. Renata Sava, MD
    Montreal, QC
  31. Luke Savage, MD
    Clinical Associate Professor, University of Calgary and University of Alberta
    Calgary, Alberta
  32. Nathan Schneidereit, MD
  33. Hendrik A. Scholtens, MD
  34. Elena Schroeder, MD
  35. Travis Schroeder, MD
    General Surgery Chief Resident, McMaster University
    Hamilton, ON
  36. Bethany Scott, MD
  37. Malcolm Sears, MD
    Professor Emeritus of Medicine
    McMaster University, Hamilton ON
  38. Jean-Luc Senécal, MD
    Professor of Medicine
    Scleroderma Research Chair
    University of Montreal Faculty of Medicine
    Division of Rheumatology
    Centre hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal
  39. Diane Severin, MD
  40. Marshall Siemens, MD
    Resident, University of Saskatchewan
    Saskatoon, SK
  41. Gabriel Slowey, MD
    Retired GP, Retired Coroner
  42. Richard Smyth, MD
    Adjunct Professor in Faculty of Science, Thompson Rivers UBC
    Clinical instructor in Otolaryngology, University of British Columbia
  43. Bruce D. Snyder, MD
    Cambridge, ON
  44. Rob Sparrow, MD
    Internal Medicine specialist
    University of Western Ontario
    London, ON
  45. Davis Shannon Starr, MD
    Associate Professor, University of Saskatchewan
    Regina Community Clinic
    Regina, SK
  46. Philip Stratford, MD
  47. Winnie Su, MD
    Family Physician
    Vancouver, BC
  48. Rafael Sumalinog, MD
  49. Emily Sutherland, MD
  50. Jessica Svitek, MD
    Médecine de famille
    Montreal, Quebec
  51. Tolu Taiwo, MD
    Care of Elderly Physician, Red Deer Regional Hospital Centre
    Red Deer, AB
  52. Agnès Tanguay, MD
    Family Medicine
    Ottawa, ON
  53. Heather Thompson, MD
    Obstetrics and Gynecology
  54. Sandy Tigchelaar, MD
  55. Matthieu Tittley, MD
    Psychiatry, Hôtel-Dieu de Sherbrooke
    Sherbrooke QC
  56. Joshua Tjong, MD
    Radiologist
    Sault Area Hospital
  57. Bernhard Toews, MD
    Family Practitioner
    Coquitlam, BC
  58. Anna Towers, MD
    Supportive and Palliative Care Services,
    McGill University Health Centre,
    Montreal, QC
  59. Hong Phuc Tran-Le. MD,
  60. Tim Troughton, MD
    Clinical Instructor, University of British Columbia
    Vancouver, BC
  61. Judith Trudeau, MD
    Rheumatologist
    Chaudière-Appalaches, QC
  62. Maebh Tynan, MD
    Ontario
  63. Terry Unger, MD
    Palliative Care
    Wabasca, AB
  64. Tim Van Der Heide, MD
    Chief of Staff, Princeton General Hospital
    Princeton, BC
  65. Stephen Vander Klippe, MD
    Wingham, ON
  66. France Verreault, MD
    Québec
  67. Daniels Vijay, MD
    Specialist in Internal Medicine
    Edmonton, AB
  68. Patrick Vinay, MD
    Professeur émérite de médecine, Université de Montréal
  69. Philippe D. Violette, MD
    McMaster University
    Hamilton, ON
  70. Arnold Voth, MD
    Assoc Prof of Internal Medicine
    Edmonton, AB
  71. Adrienne Vraets, MD
    Anesthesiologist
    Hamilton, ON
  72. Vivian G. Walker, MD
    Palliative Care
    Saskatoon, SK
  73. Janet Warren, MD
    Hamilton Urban Core Community Health Centre
    Hamilton, ON
  74. Terry Warren, MD
    Orthopedic Surgeon
  75. Richard Welsh, MD
    Abbotsford, BC
  76. Alice Westlake, MD
    Family Physician, Vancouver Coastal Health
    Vancouver, BC
  77. James K. Wheeler, MD
    Thamesview Family Health Team; Chatham Kent Hospice
    Head of Rural Medicine and Accessibility at Chatham Kent Health Alliance
    Chatham, ON
  78. James Wiedrick, MD
    Clinical instructor, University of British Columbia
    Nelson, BC
  79. Kiely Williams, MD
    Clinical Associate, University of Calgary
    Calgary AB
  80. Simon Wing, MD
    Professor of Medicine, McGill University
    Montreal, QC
  81. Maria Wolfs, MD
    Assistant Professor University of Toronto
    Endocrinologist St. Michael’s Hospital
    Toronto, ON
  82. Charles Wong, MD
    Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Calgary
    Emergency Physician
    Calgary, AB
  83. Patrick Wong, MD
    Clinical Lecturer, University of Calgary
    Staff Physician Alberta Health Services
    Calgary, AB
  84. George Worthen, MD
    Internal Medicine Resident, Dalhousie University
    Halifax, NS
  85. Heka Ylanko, MD
    Family physician
    Toronto, ON
  86. Paul Yong, MD
    Chronic Pain specialist
    Vancouver, BC
  87. Elizabeth Young, MD
    Developmental Pediatrician
    Unity Health Toronto, ON
    St. Michael’s Hospital
  88. James Zondervan, MD
  89. Roman Zyla, MD
    Postgraduate Year 2 Resident, Anatomical Pathology
    University of Toronto
  90. Dr José Pereria MBChB, CCFP(PC), MSc, FCFP
  91. Dr Brandon McIlmoyle, MD
  92. Dr Srini Chary MBBS, MRCS, LRCP, CCFP(PC), DA, FRCS Ed
  93. Mark D’Souza, MD
    Toronto, ON
  94. Thomas Cavanagh, MD
    Family Physician
    Alberta
  95. Samantha Rossi
    Medical Student
    Ontario
  96. Ronan O’Leary, MD
    Family Medicine
    Ontario
  97. Linda Baker, MD
    Rural Family Medicine, retired
    Rosthern, SK
  98. Nuala Kenny, MD FRCP(C)
    Halifax.NS
  99. Marcus Niessen, MD
    Plastic Surgeon
    Windsor, ON
  100. Alanna Fitzpatrick, MD
    Plastic Surgery
    Stratford, ON
Page 2

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